Today is National Gardening Day! This national holiday is run by the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) to raise awareness of gardening and horticulture, and to encourage more people to take part in the healthy and productive outdoor activity of gardening.
In honor of the day, we wanted to learn a little more about the museum’s “garden” of 120 acres of Ozark forest, so we asked Crystal Bridges Director of Trails & Grounds Clay Bakker to answer some questions for us. Read on to learn more about the flora and fauna of the area, including mushrooms found on the grounds, facts about our deer population, when to expect different species of flower to bloom in the Ozarks, and more!
Clay Bakker: There are dozens of kinds on our grounds (as is the same through the rest of the Ozarks). When you have a highly wooded area and an abundance of water, those are great providers for fungi. We have Chicken of the Woods, chanterelles, puffers, maybe even some oyster mushrooms, and more. We ask everyone to please use our grounds for observation only and don’t pick or eat any mushrooms.
CB: Our 120 acres are very typical of what you’ll find anywhere else in the middle of the Ozarks. We have a plethora of insects, birds, reptiles, and mammals, such as fox, possum, deer, coyote, squirrels, the list goes on.
I’ve seen five or six different types of snakes. We do have copperheads. We’ve had water moccasins before. We mostly have banded water snakes which get pretty big, but they are non-poisonous―others include King snakes and ratsnakes (a black snake that might get three to five inches thick, but they’re good―they eat lots of rodents).
We estimate we have anywhere from 6 to 20 new deer born on our property every spring. They will be splendidly legged, spotted baby deer bouncing around with their mother for the next couple of months. They are very comfortable with our area now (they acclimated during the museum’s construction). The greenway at the north end of our property keeps them in a forested area well into Bella Vista, Missouri, and beyond, so they have a corridor in which they can enter and exit Crystal Bridges.
Unfortunately, I’m not a big fan of the deer. Our guests love them, which is a plus, but they do eat a lot of plants―I estimate they eat $10-15,000 worth of plants every summer. They’re also the biggest carrier of ticks in the woods, and ticks reproduce dramatically because of the deer population―not great considering all the diseases ticks carry. We’d love to not have as many deer, but that’s difficult to achieve.
CB: We have an interesting boulder crystal display on the western side of the pond. Crystals do not happen naturally right around here―those were a gift from a crystal mine that’s about 200-250 miles to the south of us near Hot Springs, in an area where you can find some of the best crystal mines on the planet. The owner of the mine donated these boulders that are strewn with hundreds of crystals (some tiny, some as large as a fist), and when he offered us these boulders, the team here wanted to come up with an interesting way to display them. We thought it would be interesting to find a way to display them altogether, so we partnered with one of our contractors, Boulder Construction―who created many of the rock walls you see throughout the grounds―and came up with an idea of creating this crystal grotto―an opening in the side of a cliff that you found these crystal boulders as if they had occurred that way in nature.
CB: This is actually a shrub and it’s called Deciduous Azalea. It’s not really native to the Ozarks, but we found it near some planting beds that we were able to confirm were planted by the previous owner of the property, Dr. Neil Compton. Dr. Compton was a family friend and neighbor of the Waltons, and he is widely recognized as the founder of the Ozark Society to Save the Buffalo River. It’s cool to find bits of his tinkering throughout the woods here. At one point, he used Crystal Spring as his source of water for a nursery and would try to sell native plants from the Buffalo River to people locally.
That azalea was a leftover bush of his that is now in an area that’s shadier than it would prefer, but every year, it comes back with these glorious, white flowers. They don’t have a lot of smell, compared to other flowers, but it is spectacular because the flowers just hang there on these barren bushes all by themselves. It’s beautiful―I love to see it every year. It only flowers for three to five days.
CB: Here are the highlights of how things bloom throughout the spring in Northwest Arkansas: The first blooms that you’ll see start with the serviceberry trees. They are an understory tree that is about the same size as dogwoods and redbuds, but it creates a puffy, white bloom that becomes an edible berry, which looks like a blueberry. The serviceberry trees bloom around the end of March.
Shortly after that, you’ll begin to see ephemeral plants on the forest floor, such as jack-in-the-pulpit and trillium. They flower in a really thick forest area, and that becomes their reproduction process. They come out before the rest of the forest has greened up so that these early plants can get the sunlight that they need, and as soon as they flower, they die for the rest of the year because the forest floor becomes shaded and the canopy closes all the sunlight off to the forest floor.
Then, we move on to the redbuds―they usually come out at the end of March/beginning of April. The blooming process takes a couple of weeks. Then, the next thing that blooms is the dogwoods. It’s a little different every year―last year, April 20, 2019, was a full bloom. We’re a little early this year―we’re fully bloomed out right now and we’ll have about another week to enjoy them in full bloom.
CB: That’s like asking me, “which of your children is your favorite,” but if I had to pick, my favorite plant is the Oakleaf Hydrangea, and, this is not necessarily a coincidence, we have the Alice variety of this hydrangea all around our grounds. It’s a pretty big bush―it gets anywhere from six to eight feet high and wide―and it has huge panicles of flowers. It blooms in June and it can bloom for up to a month. Then in the fall, the foliage turns a variety of colors from orange to red, which is just spectacular. It’s a super hearty, super successful plant here on the grounds.
CB: That is a big topic for us because the museum is surrounded by forest. We’ve used prescribed burns to keep this place healthy and safe. Here’s how it works: if you have an accumulation of leaf litter, something small like a cigarette flick in heavy wind could create a really bad, intense fire. It’s dangerous for everyone, so we have small, controlled fires where we burn off all those dead leaves in an area of the forest. We pick the exact right day and conditions so that the fire doesn’t become something big and bad. We usually do them during the winter, under supervision with the Bentonville Fire Department and another partner such as the Nature Conservancy or the Arkansas Forestry Department.
Happy National Gardening Day!
Special thanks to our sponsors:
Facilities, Trails, and Grounds are supported in part by Bissell, Blue Rhino, and Paul and June Carter Family.